Basics About the Types of Wiring and Where they are Used

Over time, there has been a significant evolution in the electric wiring system and the process. Ever thought of upgrading your system and wiring? Then, it is mandatory to comply with the latest safety standards and codes. Do you have decades older homes or buildings? Then another primary concern is that they might have aluminium wiring, which has to be replaced with copper as aluminium contracts and expands on energy flow further.
Not everybody can be a fully qualified electrician, so being a well known electrical service provider, we can help you explain different types of electrical house wiring systems in this blog. Let’s look at all the different types of domestic wiring that generally people are not aware of.

There are 5 Different Types of Electrical Wiring Systems as Explained Below:

1. Cleat Wiring:
This is an easy and cheap wiring system comprising PVC insulated wires or normal VIR conductors braided and compounded. They can be installed easily as the conductors are held on walls and ceilings using porcelain cleats with groves, wood or plastic. This solution is used in the electric grid as a temporary wiring system, having no long term benefits making it unsuitable for domestic application. They are cost-effective. Still, it is a barely used technique.

2. Casing and Capping System:
This technique is one of the oldest fashions in which the wiring is done outside the wall. PVC wires are run within a PVC insulated casing covered with PVC capping. It was common in the past but obsolete in the modern electric network. Apart from PVC cables, any cables can be used in this electric wiring.

3. Wooden Batten Wiring:
In this wiring, cables are entered in wooden battens. They are fixed inside using a brass clip at every 10cm for horizontal and 15cm for vertical wiring. For this type of installation, fire hazards and mechanical injuries are common.

4. Lead Sheathed Wiring:
Cables are critical which may be subjected to mechanical damage, moisture and atmospheric corrosion, so lead sheathed wiring is recommended for optimum protection. Industry manufacturers for chemical earthing system applications propose them. Lead sheathed wiring is versatile as they are insulated with VIR and further enclosed in an outer sheath of a lead aluminium alloy containing about 95% lead.

5. HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) Sheath and PA (Polyarmide) Cover:
This is an alternative for lead sheath, which reduces weight and diameter to make the installation easy.

6. Conduit Wiring:
They are unfolded into two types - 

  • Surface Conduit Wiring- where GI or PVC conduits are installed outside on the walls or roof. 2-hole strap and base clip hold the wires to the conduit. 
  • Concealed Conduit Wiring – running behind the wall slots or chiselled brick wall. When all the conduits are hidden inside the wall slots or chiselled brick walls, this method is popular as it makes wiring work look neat and aesthetically appealing.

Being the critical segment in the electric network, who doesn’t want wiring to be proper and maintained for the long term? Otherwise, they initiate fire and electric hazards even if you have safety installations such as grounding/ earthing systems. Therefore, it is essential that you the basics of proper electrical wires and cables. Wiring should be permanent so that fault detection, correction and renovation can be done easily. Electric system design options are many, but you need to choose as per the application or get it designed by an expert electrician. We at JMV LPS Limited say electric safety is an insurance cover for you and your building/ structure.

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